SAT 2022 Syllabus (General & Subject Test): Check Section Wise Exam , Duration, Minimum score


Piyush Kohli

Piyush KohliStudy Abroad Expert

Updated on Feb 17, 2022 09:02 IST

SAT exam syllabus includes courses the students have already studied in their school over the years. So if you are good at studies in school, you shouldn’t face any issues preparing for the SAT Syllabus. There are two types of SAT Exams: SAT General Test and SAT Subject Test.

  • SAT General Test

SAT General Test is more common between the two SAT tests and is generally used by undergraduate colleges for admissions. The Scholastic Assessment Test assesses the written, verbal and mathematical skills of the candidates.

There are 20 SAT Subject Tests which are divided into 5 subject areas. These subjects are further categorized into smaller topics. The various SAT Subjects include:

  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • English
  • History and
  • Languages

SAT Exam Pattern 2022

SAT Subject

SAT Syllabus

SAT Test Pattern


58 questions

This section includes questions on problem-solving, data analysis, algebra, and advanced math.

Duration: 80 minutes

Score: 200-800


52 questions

This section includes questions on Sentence Completion, Tests understanding of passages from the US and world Literature, History/Social Studies, and Sciences.

Duration: 65 minutes

Score Range: 200-800

(combined with Writing Section)

Writing and Language

44 questions

This section includes questions on, expression of ideas and standard English conventions through passages related to Careers, History/Social Studies, Humanities, and Sciences.

Duration: 35 minutes

Score Range: 200-800

(combined with Reading Section)

Essay (optional)

One optional essay

This section requires students to evaluate an argument through the analysis of evidence.

Duration: 50 minutes

not scored


154 questions


Duration: 3 hours (with optional 50 minutes)

Score: 1600

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SAT Exam Syllabus 2022

SAT Syllabus includes courses that students have already covered in their school curriculum over the years. Syllabus for SAT exam includes:

  • Reading section
  • Writing
  • Mathematics

SAT Reading

SAT Reading section is a part of the evidence-based Reading and Writing part of the SAT. It has a total of 5 passages each having 10-11 questions and there will be a total of 52 questions in the section. Each question has four answer choices. The reading comprehension part is designed to evaluate candidates' ability to understand the meaning of different contexts and their associated terms with meaning and to comprehend written text.

  • SAT contains three critical reading sections
  • Reading comprehension - 25 mins
  • Sentence completions - 25 mins
  • Paragraph-length critical reading - 20 mins

The five passages of the Reading test include one pair of passages that you need to read together and four standalone passages. Each passage is 500-750 words long. The passages are taken from the following types of documents.

  • 1 passage from a work of sociology, social science, psychology, or economics
  • 2 passages from scientific works in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, or Earth Science
  • 1 literary passage from a work of fiction
  • 1 or 2 passages from a US constitution and founding of the US

Types of questions in the Reading test

  1. How the author uses evidence

      In a few questions, you have to show that you understand how the author is using evidence to support a claim. Here, you might need to

  • Find evidence in a passage that best supports the answer to a previous question
  • Identify the part from the passage that supports the author's point
  • Find a relationship between an informational graphic and the passaged it is paired with
  1. Words in Context

     In some of the questions in the Reading test, you need to identify the meaning of the word in context. Here, the focus is on advanced vocabulary

  1. Analysis in Science and Social Studies/History

     The Reading test comprises passages in the fields of science, social studies, and history. Here, you might see questions that ask you to 

  • Interpret data
  • Consider implications
  • Examine hypotheses

SAT Writing

The Writing test is a multiple-choice test where you read passages and need to find and fix mistakes. The 35 minutes test comprises 4 passages and 44 multiple-choice questions. Each passage can be 400-450 words and has 11 multiple-choice questions. This section is designed to assess the candidate's understanding of grammar and vocabulary.

  • SAT writing has three sections
  • Essay section - 25 mins
  • Multiple choice sections - 25 mins and 10 mins
  • SAT contains three Math sections
  • Algebra and functions - 25 mins
  • Geometry Statistics - 20 mins
  • Probability and Data analysis - 20 mins

Writing and Language passages can be taken from

  • History/Social Studies
  • Humanities
  • Careers
  • Science

Types of questions in the Writing test

The questions will be related to the passages.

  • Expression of ideas that includes 24 questions usually six questions for every passage which can be further divided into three kinds.
  • Organization questions that focuses on placement of information of ideas and logical sequence
  • Development questions that are related to main ideas, supporting details and quantitative information in graphs, charts and tables
  • Effective language use questions where you need to consider style and tone, improve precision and eliminate wordiness

SAT Math Syllabus

The Math test of the SAT has two parts, Math test-Calculator and Math Test-No calculator. Math Test-Calculator has 38 questions with time limit of 55 minutes and Math Test No-Calculator has 20 questions with the time limit of 25 minutes.

  • SAT contains three Math sections
  • Algebra and functions - 25 mins
  • Geometry Statistics - 20 mins
  • Probability and Data analysis - 20 mins

The Math Test focuses on different areas of math

  • Heart of Algebra focuses on linear equations and systems
  • Problem solving and data analysis on quantitative data
  • Passport to advance Math focuses on the manipulation of complex equations

The Math test also includes trigonometry and geometry and most of the questions are multiple-choice questions, however, test takers need to solve the problem in almost 22 percent of the questions. The Math section is scored on a scale of 200-800.

Math Calculator test

Time allotted

25 min

Total no. of questions


Multiple-choice questions


Grid-in questions



Math No-Calculator test

Time allotted

55 min

Total no. of questions


Multiple-choice questions


Grid-in questions


Types of questions in the Math test

The Math test is divided broadly into four categories.


Number of questions

Heart of Algebra


Problem Solving and Data Analysis


Passport to Advanced Math


Additional Topics in Math


Also Read:

Difference between SAT Mathematics Level 1 and Level 2

Aspirants who are confused between the two must go for the one in which they can score more. Those aspirants who are good in trigonometry or elementary functions (precalculus) or both should go for SAT 2 Math whereas those who want to score high points and are not so familiar with topics covered in level 2 should opt for SAT 1 Math. It is important to factor in the requirement of the candidates’ University and Programme of choice.

SAT Essay (Optional)

This is an optional section of the SAT. Many universities require candidates to submit SAT Essay score for admission. SAT Essay evaluates a candidate's reading, writing and analysis skills. Here, you have to go through a passage roughly 650-750 words long. In 50 minutes, you have to write an analysis about how the author builds his argument. Here, you need to analyse the author's text and identify the evidence that the author used to support his argument. You need not give your opinion.

Although SAT Essay is optional most of the colleges prefer candidates to submit their SAT Essay scores along with their application. So, until and unless you have a very strong reason to miss this section, do not miss this section and go for the SAT Essay section.

SAT essay assesses candidates' reading, writing, and analysis skills. The time allotted for completing this task is 50 minutes. Candidates have to read a 650-750 word long passage and then write an analysis about how the author has built the argument. Candidates should refrain from giving their opinion.

SAT Exam Preparation Tips

Like all other exams, candidates can either go for self-study or can opt for coaching classes. You can read the detailed information on SAT 2022 Preparation Tips. Candidates looking to prepare all the sections of the SAT Exam can read the writing prep tips, reading prep tips, and math prep tips to perform their best during the time of the exam.

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SAT Syllabus FAQs

Still, have questions in mind related to SAT? Check out the SAT and SAT Syllabus FAQs and learn more about the exam.

The SAT Syllabus 2022 includes 4 sections Reading, Writing, Math, and optional Essay. Its score ranges from 400-1600. You can read about the SAT syllabus in detail in the above article.

How to prepare for SAT at home?

There is a lot of SAT prep material available online which you can study and prepare on your own. However, this is not everyone's cup of tea, so, it is better to understand the SAT format and then decide whether you need coaching to clear SAT or not. Tips to prepare for SAT at home:
  • Work on your grammar
  • Start read non-fiction apart from the school text
  • Work on your vocabulary
  • Work on mental math

How many hours should I study for SAT?

Check when you are going to take the SAT test. If you have a good amount of time say six months then you need to give fewer hours daily, on the other hand, if you have less amount of time for SAT test then you need to study more hours. Go through the SAT syllabus and understand how much it will take you to cover each and every topic and prepare a study plan accordingly.

Can I prepare for the SAT in one month?

Studying for the SAT in one month is possible if you have a solid study plan. Usually, it is recommended to study 10-20 hours every week for three months to prepare for the SAT. So, if you are planning to attempt the exam in one month then increase your study hours daily.

How many times I am allowed to take the SAT?

There are no limitations set by the College Board to appear for the SAT, so, a candidate can take the SAT as many times as he wants. However, they need to pay SAT fee every time they register for it. Also, they should check with their schools which scores they are accepting as some schools accept the average score of all attempts while some accept only the highest score.

When one should start preparing for the SAT?

Usually, the candidate gives 6-12 weeks to prepare for the SAT. Also, SAT preparation time can vary from individual to individual. We suggest you go through the SAT Syllabus and give an SAT practice test, so, you will have an idea of how much time you need for SAT prep.

What if I fail in the SAT?

There is no such thing as a pass or fail in the SAT. However, there is a good SAT score and low SAT score. Obviously getting fewer marks will also lower your chances of securing admission at your preferred education institution.

What is a perfect SAT score?

A perfect SAT score is 1600. An average SAT score is around 1000.

What is a low SAT score?

Anything less than 1000 is a below-average score. If your Math score is less than 500 then it is below average and if your Evidence-Based Reading and Writing score is less than 500 then it is also considered as below average.

Who all are eligible to take the SAT?

There is no age limit set by the College Board for taking the SAT. However, candidates in class 11th or 12th are the highest to appear for the SAT.






is only sat enough for adimission in usa universities ?
or any other exams should we write?

Reply to chanikya

Please, Can I apply for the SAT Exam from countries like Nigeria? And Please what are the application processes and requirement?



Piyush KohliStudy Abroad Expert


Hi Franklin, please check the official College Board website and learn whether one can take the SAT from Nigeria. Also, refer to the below URL and check out the eligibility and registration process.

Which SAT exam whether SAT with essay or without essay is required for admission in IPM at IIM Indore



Rahul SinghaStudy Abroad Expert


Hello Shreyasi. You can check out the admission requirements for IIM Indore here:


Piyush KohliStudy Abroad Expert


Hi Shreyasi, please go through the below URL and check out the entry requirements for IPM at IIM Indore:


Asif Ali


Hello sir, i have problem with SAT date. June 4th SAT exam date is for indian student or it's only for U.S student, beacuse in SAT website it's given that June 4th SAT exam date is for only U.S .

Reply to Asif Ali


Piyush KohliStudy Abroad Expert


Hi Asif, currently, 4th-June is for students planning to take the exam in US. Please check the test dates for SAT in India:


bharti negi


Can a student who is not registered with any school in india give sat? And after scoring a good sat score will he get a university without ever entering a indian school?

Reply to bharti negi

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